Energy is usually not needed where it is produced and must therefore be transported and, if necessary, temporarily stored. Today, around 75% of the final energy required in Europe is transported in the form offossil fuels. At over 50%, oil and gas account for the largest share. The large natural gas storage facilities in Europe can cover the entire European energy consumption for months and act as a powerful buffer between production and consumption.
With the disappearance of these established energy sources, not only must the energy itself be provided elsewhere, also the transport of the energy to the consumer must be solved, as well as the storage of the energy. Hydrogen, unlike electricity, is well suited for storing energy and can be transported either in mobile storage containers or, like natural gas, via pipelines.
To effectively enable the storage and transportation of renewably produced energy, hydrogen must be deployed on a large scale.